What Causes Deep Vein Thrombosis? Tips for High-Risk Individuals

Have you found yourself engrossed in the various venous afflictions that can disrupt life’s equilibrium? If so, the term Deep Vein Thrombosis (DVT) has likely emerged on your enlightening journey. The combination of “deep” and “vein” might conjure up images of excruciating pain. But before you start losing sleep over the thought of this condition, let’s take a moment to put things into perspective.


While DVT can unleash some pretty severe side effects, let’s not jump to conclusions. By diving deeper into the realm of Deep Vein Thrombosis and embracing preventative measures, you can boldly reduce the odds of developing this condition.


Unraveling the Enigma: Decoding Deep Vein Thrombosis


Picture this: blood clots throwing a wild party right within your deep veins. Yes, when these unruly clots decide to form, they go all out, obstructing and even blocking blood flow.


Why do blood clots think it’s fun to block up your deep veins? Because of Virchow’s triad, aka the 3 primary causes for Deep Vein Thrombosis:


  1. Stasis of blood flow: When you’re immobile for long periods, you reduce blood circulation. This can happen when you’re injured and can’t walk around as much. Or when you’re a jetsetter who spends a lot of time on lengthy flights.
  2. Endothelial injury: “Endothelial”  is a type of cell layer. It lines your blood vessels and forms a barrier between the bloodstream and the tissues that surround it. When endothelial cells are damaged, which can be caused by inflammation, surgery, or trauma, blood clots may form.
  3. Hypercoagulability: This is when your body turns into an overzealous blood clotting factory. Hypercoagulability can be inherited or caused by pregnancy, hormone therapy, smoking, cancer, and certain medications or autoimmune disorders.


Deep Vein Thrombosis: What To Look Out For


Deep Vein Thrombosis can consist of persistent leg pain, cramps, and swelling of your feet, ankles, and calves. It can also cause skin discoloration and makes your legs feel unusually heavy.


DVT can make veins more visible and can even travel to your lungs to cause some toilsome trouble. Here are some other health risks of DVT to be aware of


Pulmonary Embolism


Pulmonary embolisms happen when blood clots travel into your lungs and block pulmonary arteries. When this occurs, blood flow is blocked, damaging lung tissue and impairing oxygen production.

You may be experiencing a pulmonary embolism if you have the following symptoms:


  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest pain
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Cough accompanied by blood-streaked mucus
  • Lightheadedness
  • Fainting or unconsciousness
  • Sweating


Though pulmonary embolism is the most serious symptom of Deep Vein Thrombosis, it’s also the rarest. Nonetheless, if you spot signs of a pulmonary embolism, get to a doctor right away to stop blot clots from persisting.


Post-thrombotic Syndrome


When inflammation and blood flow obstruction join forces, this mischievous duo puts pressure on your veins and forms those pesky blood clots that DVT is notorious for.


Post-thrombotic syndrome can damage your vein walls and valves, inducing pain, swelling, and several long-term complications. This includes venous insufficiency, venous hypertension, dark pigmentation, and skin ulcers.


Stroke, Heart Attack, or (Even) Death


Unfortunately, any of these outcomes can be a result of DVT, which is why it should be paid special attention. If a blot clot from your deep veins breaks free, it can travel to your vital organs. If it reaches your brain, it can block blood and lead to a stroke. If the blood clot travels to your heart, the blockage caused can result in a heart attack.


While the chances of DVT causing stroke, heart attack, or death are low (phew!), it does up the risk factor for these side effects. That’s why treating DVT should be a major priority. Here are some preventive measures to keep DVT from adding unwarranted turmoil to your life.


New Advances in DVT Treatment: What You Need to Know


Exploring modern treatment options for DVT can be fascinating. Nowadays, there’s a range of convenient methods to aid in the healing process. Here’s a short and sweet guide to modern DVT treatments:


  • Apixaban, rivaroxaban, and dabigatran: These medication maestros have quite the reputation as top-notch oral anticoagulants. Don’t be intimidated by their tongue-twisting names; they’re experts at keeping those blood clots in check. No constant monitoring or dose fussing is required! Plus, they play nice with other drugs and food, so you don’t have to worry about unexpected health complications.
  • Catheter-directed thrombolysis: This nifty procedure involves sneaking a catheter into the trouble zone of your DVT. Catheter-directed thrombolysis goes straight to the source, breaking down clots and restoring the harmonious flow of blood. Talk about a minimally invasive rescue mission! With symptoms alleviated and post-thrombotic syndrome and pulmonary embolisms kept at bay, catheter-directed thrombolysis is here to save the day.
  • Genetic testing: Sometimes DNA can be a bit mischievous. It might sprinkle factor V Leiden mutations, prothrombin gene mutations, or deficiencies in Protein C, Protein S, and antithrombin into your genetic mix, upping the odds of DVT. But fear not! The clever doctors have a secret weapon: genetic testing. They can decode your genetic blueprint and uncover these sneaky inheritances. Armed with this knowledge, they can unleash a legion of preventative measures for DVT.


Simple Lifestyle Changes to Reduce Your Risk of Deep Vein Thrombosis


Before you dive into a sea of worry about Deep Vein Thrombosis, take a moment to embrace the rarity of this condition. And fear not, for you hold the power to reduce its chances!


Add daily movement to keep your blood circulating at its finest. And when it comes to fashion, bid adieu to tight-fitting clothes and welcome the companionship of compression stockings. Hydrate like a champion, maintain a healthy physique, and kiss your smoking habit goodbye. By wholeheartedly adopting these measures, you’ll be a force to reckon with, diminishing the impact DVT can have on your life.


At Delaware Advanced Vein Center, our expert medical staff has years of experience treating people with venous conditions such as varicose veins, spider veins, and more. Our dedicated team specializes in providing attentive and personalized care, something larger clinics often overlook. We welcome you to our family of satisfied patients.

Contact us today to schedule a FREE virtual consultation and vein evaluation.